Five Democratic presidential candidates vying for the party’s nomination in 2020 appeared at Cal State LA on Sunday for an intimate conversation about key issues that are important to the Latino community.
Mayor Pete Buttigieg, U.S. Sen. Bernie Sanders, former U.S. Housing Secretary Julián Castro, billionaire businessman and philanthropist Tom Steyer and U.S. Sen. Kamala Harris participated in the 2019 Democratic Presidential Forum on Latino Issues on Nov. 17. The forum was hosted by the Pat Brown Institute for Public Affairs at Cal State LA and ABC7, in partnership with the California Latino Legislative Caucus and the Californians for Humane Immigrant Rights Leadership Action Fund (CHIRLA Action Fund).
Moderated by veteran ABC7 news anchor Marc Brown, the forum was broadcast live and explored topics including immigration, health care, housing and economic security, hate crimes and education. In 13-minute individual conversations, candidates answered questions from ABC7 reporters Adrienne Alpert and Carlos Granda, ABC7 KGO reporter Lyanne Melendez and La Opinión reporter Jacqueline García. The candidates also fielded questions from the audience, which included local community members and students from Cal State LA and local high schools.
The first candidate to answer questions was Buttigieg, mayor of South Bend, Indiana. He joined two reporters on a stage with audience members watching on three sides in Cal State LA’s Intimate Theatre in the Luckman Fine Arts Complex.
Cal State LA Associated Students, Inc. President Aaron Castaneda asked Buttigieg how he would help graduating students get “a foothold on the ladder of opportunity and upward mobility” in light of rising housing costs. Buttigieg said he would propose to invest $430 billion in housing in the U.S.
“Part of what we have to do is make sure our economy actually works for us, not just numbers on a page or the stock market, but what we earn—what you earn as you emerge into the working world—rises as quickly as those costs,” Buttigieg said.
When it was Sanders’ turn on stage, a reporter asked if his Medicare for All plan would cover undocumented immigrants. Sanders responded emphatically: “The answer is absolutely, of course.”
“When we talk about Medicare for All—A-L-L—it means all,” the U.S. senator from Vermont said. “It means every man, woman and child in this country including the undocumented. Medicare for All means that there are no longer any premiums, no longer any copayments, no longer any absurd deductibles and no longer any out-of-pocket expenses.”
Candidates were asked about the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program, or DACA, whose fate is in the hands of the U.S. Supreme Court, which is considering if the Trump administration can end the program. Castro emphasized his support for DACA and for comprehensive immigration reform.
“No matter what happens in the Supreme Court with DACA, if I am elected president I will immediately, by executive order, find a way to protect our Dreamers and also to protect their parents, and then immediately push for fixing our broken immigration system in Congress,” Castro said.
In response to a question about immigration, Steyer said as president he would ensure the U.S. honors the rights of asylum seekers and would guarantee that family separations at the U.S. border never happen again.
“As a value-driven country that wants to be partners with other countries around the world in solving our common problems, including in this hemisphere, I think it’s absolutely critical that we be dealing fairly with these people, both for their sake but also to project who we are so that we can be a trusted and decent partner for countries and people around the world,” Steyer said.
When Harris was asked how she would address the student loan debt crisis, she said she plans to offer free community college, debt-free college, loan forgiveness for individuals or families earning less than $100,000 a year and to require student loans to be interest-free.
“We have to invest in the people of our country and one of the smartest investments we can make is in our students and in our young people who want to get an education after high school,” said Harris, who is a U.S. senator from California.
The issues discussed at the forum are particularly significant for Cal State LA given the university’s relationship with the region’s Latino community and its leaders.
Cal State LA is a federally designated Hispanic-Serving Institution and is ranked number one in the nation for the upward mobility of its students. The university counts among its alumni many pioneering Latino elected officials who have helped shape the face of Latino leadership across the region.
“It’s very fitting that this forum is being held here at Cal State LA,” said Cal State LA Executive Vice President and Provost Jose A. Gomez, who serves as chair of the Pat Brown Institute Board of Advisors. He welcomed guests to the event, which was broadcast live by ABC7 and ABC7 KGO and live-streamed on their respective websites. “This university has been an escalator of opportunity for Latinos and is an example of the grit, resilience, and success of the Latino community.”
Angelica Salas, executive director for CHIRLA, Assemblywoman Lorena Gonzalez, chair of the California Latino Legislative Caucus, and Senator María Elena Durazo, vice-chair of the California Latino Legislative Caucus, also delivered welcoming remarks.
The Pat Brown Institute and ABC7 have partnered since 2013 to host forums and debates, including a U.S. Senate Debate in 2016 between Harris and then-U.S. Rep. Loretta Sanchez.
Because Sunday’s event was a forum and not a debate, the candidates were never onstage together.
“The forum was an important opportunity for all of us to see the candidates up close and personal here on our campus,” said Raphael J. Sonenshein, executive director for the Pat Brown Institute. “But it was also an opportunity, I hope, for candidates to learn about the issues that matter directly in people’s lives.”
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California State University, Los Angeles is the premier comprehensive public university in the heart of Los Angeles. Cal State LA is ranked number one in the United States for the upward mobility of its students. Cal State LA is dedicated to engagement, service, and the public good, offering nationally recognized programs in science, the arts, business, criminal justice, engineering, nursing, education, and the humanities. Founded in 1947, the University serves more than 28,000 students and has more than 250,000 distinguished alumni.
Cal State LA is home to the critically-acclaimed Luckman Fine Arts Complex, Pat Brown Institute for Public Affairs, Hertzberg-Davis Forensic Science Center, Hydrogen Research and Fueling Facility, Billie Jean King Sports Complex and the TV, Film and Media Center. For more information, visit www.CalStateLA.edu.